The Science Behind Acne

Nobody enjoys having to deal with unsightly instances of acne, but what actually causes it?

Acne is a chronic skin condition that develops differently in each person. Various types of acne include whiteheads, extremely stubborn blackheads, pimples, nodules, and cysts. It’s one of the most common inflammatory skin conditions in the world, affecting millions annually. Some go through extreme breakouts in their teens and nothing in their twenties. Others suffer from acne from puberty right until their thirties.

Acne lesions occurs as a result of four basics events:

  • Follicles in our pores becoming blocked with excess skin cells. These cells combine with sebum, an only substance that lubricates the skin and hair, creates a plug in the follicule.
  • The sebaceaous glands ( the gland that produces sebum ) enlarge during adolescence and sebum productions increases.
  • The increase sebum production allows the overgrowth of a bacterium, called Cutibacterium or Proprionibacterium acnes hair and sebum.
  • Inflammation occurs as a result of bacterial overgrowth and other factors. This can lead to the rupture of the follicle and the formation of a red and tender pimple.